General objectives 

The PLIDA level C1 test aims to verify whether the candidate is capable of understanding a wide range of complex and rather long texts and also knows how to derive the implicit meaning. Express himself softly and spontaneously, without excessive effort to search for words. Use the language flexibly and effectively for social, academic and professional purposes. Can produce clear, well structured and articulated texts on complex topics, showing that they can control discursive and connective structures and cohesion mechanisms.

Individual skills

Oral production: Can provide clear and precise descriptions and expositions of complex topics, integrating secondary topics, developing certain points and concluding everything in some appropriate way.
Written production:  You can write clear and well-structured text on complex topics, underlining salient topics, developing points of view quite extensively, supporting them with additional data, with relevant reasons and examples, and concluding everything appropriately.
Listening Comprehension: You can understand enough to be able to follow a broad speech on abstract and complex topics not related to your field, even if it is necessary to do so confirms some details, especially if you are not familiar with the linguistic variety.
- Can recognize many idiomatic and colloquial expressions and understand registration changes.
- You can follow a long speech even if it is not clearly structured and if the relationships remain implicit and are not explicitly reported.
Comprehension of a written text: You can understand in detail quite long and complex texts, related or not to your field of expertise, as long as you can reread difficult passages.
Oral interaction: He is able to express himself easily and spontaneously, almost effortlessly. Good command of a vast lexical repertoire that allows you to easily overcome emptiness due to circumlocution. The small efforts made in search of expressions and strategies of avoidance is little noticeable; only a conceptually difficult argument can inhibit the natural fluency of speech.
Written interaction: He is able to express himself clearly and precisely, adapting to the receiver in a flexible and effective way.

Duration of the PLIDA exam level C1

The total time of the test is 3 hours and 5 minutes.

  • Oral Compensation: 5 minutes.
  • Written comprehension: 45 minutes.
  • Written expression: 90 minutes.
  • Oral expression: 15 minutes.

Domains and contexts

Listed below, for each domain, are some contexts of use that occur in tests at this level.

Personal domain

- At home (watching television, listening to the radio)
- On various occasions of contact (meetings, family gatherings, dinners with friends, etc.)

Public domain

- At public service counters (in banks, post offices, etc.)
- In public offices (town halls, prefectures, police headquarters, etc.)

Professional domain

- At your workplace

Educational domain

- At the University
- At conferences and study seminars

Communication skills and general objectives .

The C1 level candidate must know


Understand in detail a wide range of long and complex texts to deal with in social, professional or academic life and recognize attitudes and opinions, both expressed and implied, and stylistic differences;

Read contemporary fiction texts, capturing any comic or satirical intention.

Understand correspondence written in a non-standard language;

Get information from bureaucratic communication.

Scroll through the text looking for relevant information;

Identify the relevant information contained in a newspaper article.

Follow complex interactions with ease in the context of group discussions and debates, even if you make it deal with abstract, complex and unfamiliar topics;

A debate follows more people, on the radio or on television, identifying the different opinions and different attitudes.

Follow most lectures on specialized topics with relative ease

Follow a specialized intervention during a conference.

 They include a wide range of material recorded or transmitted via radio, also identifying details such as implicit attitudes and the relationships between the interlocutors;

Follow a work by capturing allusions or references to current events

 Use the language for social purposes in a flexible and effective way, adapting style and registering with the interlocutor and expressing the affective dimensions, using the language as well as alluding and joking;

Mediating in a fight between friends, expressing emotional and persuasive participation for reconciliation.

Participate in complex interactions, both in formal and informal situations, supporting their opinion and answering questions, comments and a counterargument with ease and spontaneity, appropriately;

Discussing a thesis, defending your own conclusions and answering questions and requests for clarification

Express yourself with clarity, precision and flexibility adapting style and register to the recipient, simplifying if too complex or specialist content is necessary;

Write a motivational letter accompanying a resume, highlighting skills, attitudes and outstanding aspects of the training

Summarize long and difficult texts; use the prominent concepts of one or more written sources modifying them clearly and summarized in a new text;

Write a blog post or comment following the example of a story given or commented on by multiple sources.

Write a clear and complete structured presentation on complex topics, stating and supporting your point of view, with relevant data, reasons and examples.

Write a letter in the address book of a newspaper to express an opinion on a current topic (politics, economy, society).


Types of texts

 The following list shows some types of texts that can be found in the tests at this level.

Written texts

- Summary
- Newspaper articles
- Competition notices
- Literary pieces of contemporary fiction
- Employment contracts
- Curriculum vitae
- Official documents
- Laws, regulations and statutes
- Business letters and formal emails, protesting a disservice, etc.
- Motivational letters and emails (accompanying a CV, to participate in a project, or apply for a scholarship, etc.)
- Personal letters and emails
- Projects related to study and work activities
- Movie or book reviews
- Newspaper columns , Magazines and Websites
- Short Essays or Commemorative Writings
- School and university texts
- Proceedings, reports and reports
- Entries in dictionaries and encyclopedias

Oral texts

- Songs from films, documentaries, television series and comedies also in non-standard language
- Conferences and speeches at conferences
- Informal conversations and debates
- Election and sports reports
- Formal and informal interactions in the workplace
- Interviews
- University classes
- Presentations in the workplace
- Radio or television programs
- Theater sketches